Worth 14% of your project grade
This is the final stage of your project in which you are asked to translate IRs into MIPS code. For this project, the goal is to generate correct MIPS code that runs and computes the correct results of a PCAT program.
You should modify the mips method in the file Mips.gen that generates MIPS code from the IR and returns the register that will hold the result. A simple register allocation algorithm is provided. It uses a pool of temporary registers, which is reset at the beginning of each IR statement. Even though there is a danger of running out of registers for complex expressions, it is not expected to be so for the given test programs. It's very important to recycle registers (ie, to put registers back to pool after they are used). The rule is, if you don't return a register from a mips method, it should be recycled. The MIPS code for the Call IR is also provided because it requires to store the used registers in the run-time stack before the call and to restore them after the call. If you don't do so, there will be interference between the temporary registers of caller and callee. This means that all temporary registers are caller-save.
You need to run your parser against all tests/*.pcat files. For example:
run 7 helloIt will generate MIPS code from tests/hello.pcat into the file tests/hello.s and will load and execute the code using the SPIM emulator. You also need to compare your output with that of the solution:
solution 7 helloDon't expect to get exactly the same output because the solution uses very few optimizations.
The SPIM emulator can be found in http://www.cs.wisc.edu/~larus/spim.html. If you have a Windows PC, you should download the old version of SPIM from this web side (don't download the new version). If you have a Linux or Mac OS, you need to download: http://lambda.uta.edu/cse5317/spim.tar.gz and by doing:
tar xfz spim.tar.gz cd spim-6.5/spim makeThen you can use this solution script to compile and execute the solution using SPIM (change the SpimDir in the script file). Yo can run your program using the run script (change the SpimDir in the script file).
One clever way to start this project is to temporarily remove the Mips.gen file and run, eg.
run 7 hellothat will convert your IR code into MIPS using the solution and will run it using SPIM. When you make sure that your IR code generates the correct MIPS using the solution, then you can start writting your own Mips.gen code to generate the same MIPS code.
After ensuring that your program compiles and executes correctly, cleanup your pcat directory using clean After ensuring that your program compiles and executes correctly, cleanup your pcat directory using clean
Last modified: 04/19/12 by Leonidas Fegaras